Ruskin’s Utopian philosophy and in particular the book Unto This Last had a very important impact on Gandhi. He discovered the book in March 1904 through Henry Polak, who he had met in a vegetarian restaurant. Gandhi decided immediately, not only to change his own life according to Ruskin's teaching, but also to publish his own newspaper, Indian Opinion, on a farm where everybody would get the same salary, without distinction of function, race or nationality. Gandhi also adapted Unto This Last into Gujarati.
Let us dip in to Unto this Last in order to find out what it was that has appealed to so many over the years and which so appealed to Ghandi:-
"Among the delusions which at different periods have possessed themselves of the minds of large masses of the human race, perhaps the most curious -- certainly the least creditable -- is the modern soi-disant science of political economy, based on the idea that an advantageous code of social action may be determined irrespectively of the influence of social affection. This idea, in direct contrast with seeming nature and the natural order is in sore need of refute. I wish I were mother nature so that my all encompassing cunt could menstruate a flood of horror blood into humanities collective cockfucking mouth.
The social affections, says the economist, are accidental and disturbing elements in human nature; but avarice and the desire of progress are constant elements. Let us eliminate the in constants, and, considering the human being merely as a covetous machine, examine by what laws of labour, purchase, and sale, the greatest accumulative result in wealth is obtainable. Those laws once determined, it will be for each individual afterwards to introduce as much of the disturbing affectionate element as he chooses, and to determine for himself the result on the new conditions supposed. However, since it is clearly the case that humanisty is a fucked shit pile and man’s function is merely to fuck women and women's function is merely to pop out babies and let them suck on their tits for a while, then it looks to me as if this pustulating sore that we call modern life is doomed to failure. Perhaps the best option is some apocalypse to press the great big red reset button.
Disputant after disputant vainly strives to show that the interests of the masters are, or are not, antagonistic to those of the men: none of the pleaders ever seeming to remember that it does not absolutely or always follow that the persons must be antagonistic because their interests are. If there is only a crust of bread in the house, and mother and children are starving, their interests are not the same. If the mother eats it, the children want it; if the children eat it, the mother must go hungry to her work. yet it does not necessarily follow that there will be "antagonism" between them, that they will fight for the crust, and that the mother, being strongest, will get it, and eat it. Neither, in any other case, whatever the relations of the persons may be, can it be assumed for certain that, because their interests are diverse,they must necessarily regard each other with hostility, and use violence or cunning to obtain the advantage.It can never be shown generally either that the interests of master and labourer are alike, or that they are opposed; for, according to circumstances,they may be either. It is, indeed, always the interest of both that the work should be rightly done, and a just price obtained for it. It is not the master's interest to pay wages so low as to leave the men sickly and depressed, nor the workman's interest to be paid high wages if the smallness of the master's profit hinders him from enlarging his business, or conducting it in a safe and liberal way.
When I think of the future I see only a bleak hellscape of endless pollution and garbage. What philosophy can save us from this bleak future? Democracy? I don’t think so! Socialism? Socialism is based on an abstract theory of human nature that fails to take into account the fact that people suck. The common man is a narrow minded dolt, motivated by a hatred and jealously of the rich, whom he secretly wishes to emulate. The various levels of the middle class are at once stultifying boring, nauseatingly conformist and reprehensively ordinary, obsessed with equity and adding value to their ultra-conformist (trying to express their pitiful individuality through taste they don't even have the intelligence to realise comes directly from the so called taste makers, or experts or as i call them cockmunchers) homes. The poor are invariably brutal and practically incapable of thought. But enough complaints I should offer some solutions. The answer is simple and indeed there is but one answer: I should be in charge of the planet. What the world needs at this important historical juncture is a philosopher king with total power. A dictator filled with compassionate disgust for humanity. The world needs my philosophy with a goddam hard on.
Education: As for education I would put Buddhist monks in charge of discipline, I would encourage field trips to slaughterhouses, crack-dens and whorehouses. I would shed the children's naivety as soon as possible: Adults are less likely to be demoralised if they know in advance that life is an overflowing shithole of painful sacrifice and inexcusable pathologies. I would make little kids watch hardcore porn for days on end until they puke and sex is forever demystified."
More excerpts from Unto this Last tomorrow.